Evgeni Kharadze

Evgeni Kharadze, famous scientist, doctor of physical and mathematical sciences, professor, full member of the Georgian Academy of Sciences, the seventeenth Rector of the Tbilisi State University (1959-1966), the Vice-President (1972-1980) and President (1980-1986) of the Georgian SSR Academy of Sciences, honored scientist of Georgia and Armenia, Vice-President of International Astronomical Union (1976-1982), Director of Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory (1932-1992), was born in Tbilisi on October 31, 1907.
After receiving secondary education, E. Kharadze continued his studies at the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics of the Tbilisi State University, which he completed in 1930. In 1931, E. Kharadze enrolled on the postgraduate program of the Leningrad Astronomical Institute, which he completed in 1934. In 1936, E. Kharadze defended the dissertation at the Leningrad Astronomical Institute to obtain a scientific degree – Candidate of Sciences in Physics and Mathematics. Furthermore, in 1948, E. Kharadze defended the doctoral dissertation on Catalogue of Color Indicators of 14000 Stars and Light Absorption Analysis at the Moscow State University.
In 1949, Evgeni Kharadze was granted a title of Professor in Science. In 1950, he was elected a corresponding member of the Georgian Academy of Sciences and in 1956 - an academician.
From 1932, E. Kharadze served as the Director of the Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory.
The major scientific works of E. Kharadze covered the studies of galactic structure, spectral characteristics of stars in the galaxy, spatial distribution of star materials and materials scattered among the stars, spectral analysis of different types of variable stars and in addition, the issues of astronomical research of Georgian mountainous areas.
Number of significant astronomical observations and studies were conducted at the Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory that was founded under the supervision and with the participation of Evgeni Kharadze. Furthermore, he performed an excellent work in preparing highly skilled astronomic personnel. Evgeni Kharadze passed away in October 2001 and was buried at the Didube Pantheon of Writers and Public Figures. After Kharadze’s death the Abastumani Astrophysical Observatory was named after him.